Nymphea

Pond construction

A paradise for the whole family

 

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The Idea

To ensure your pond is the jewel you have always dreamed of, it is important to avoid mistakes and unnecessary expenses in the planning stage.


Give yourself enough time between planning  and realisation to inform yourself thoroughly. A pond is built in 3 weeks if well planned and craftsmen meet their deadlines. We will be happy to provide you with advice.

What kind of pond should it be?

If there is not much space available or you wish to build a small pond on a balcony or terrace, the mini pond  is the ideal solution. The pond can be created by using an appropriate container. When selecting plants consider their space requirement and spread.


A small ornamental pond, with or without a fountain would be the next larger step. Here again, consider the size of the pond when choosing plants.


If enough space is available a swimming pond is ideal. In addition to the natural beauty, in the summer you can cool off in the refreshing water. A real pleasure, not only for water lovers.


An eye catcher at any garden design is always a water lily pond .
A fish pond can is another type of pond, since holding fish requires specific conditions and prerequisites that may vary greatly between koi, goldfish or the domestic stickleback.

Shape & Size

Depending on the space available and the planned use, a pond can be any shape or size.


The larger the pond, the lower the cost per square meter of water surface. Especially since there is no need to use any technology.


No pumps and filters are required if you simply ensure the following: an adequate water depth, an ideal regeneration zone size and an optimum number of quality plants

Materials

Depending on the focus of the project and the existing budget, different materials can be chosen. There are numerous vendors for sealing foil and even more products. Apart from the right colour and material thickness, the central question is whether PVC or an alternative is used. PVC produces dioxin in incinerators and therefore can not be disposed of together with household waste.


Our experience in various pond remediation does not cast a good light on wood and limestone used under water, because algae always seem particularly at ease in their proximity. When choosing the wood for your decks you basically have the choice between domestic wood, tropical wood and domestic thermal timber. Here you should look very carefully at the pros and cons before making your choice.

What animals can live in my pond?

Fish


An often asked question is whether it is advisable to keep fish in a swimming pond. You have to find the answer for yourself, as you loo deeper into the appropriate habitat of your favourite fish.


Consider, however, that after feeding, uneaten food sinks and decomposes increasing the nutrient content of the water. The food eaten will leave your fish as high quality fertilizer, which spurs the growth of algae.


Turtles


Turtles feel comfortable the pond when the appropriate structural conditions have been created. Avoid any non-native species. If they escape into the wild, they can decimate and eliminate native species, as the red eared sliders did to our local pond turtles.


Other animals


Many other animals don’t need not be settled:they find their way, magically attracted to their new habitat, completely without our assistance.


Frogs


There are animals that are not always welcome such, as frogs. Although some people enjoy a frog concert, there are reports of annoying noise and disturbed sleep, which sometimes lead to the adventurous actions …
Remember, all amphibians, including frogs are protected species. So if you are not willing to listen to a frog concert, consider a ‘frog barrier’ when planning the pond.


Mosquitoes


Another unwelcome insect at the pond is the mosquito. They are rarely seen at a  well functioning pond, since there are enough predators for mosquito larvae. Rain barrels, as well as sometimes mini ponds can become a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Meanwhile, there are reliable biological products on the market, for example based on BTI, which alleviate the problem well.


Snakes


At first snakes can cause fear and horror. In many areas, they are now extinct and therefore not an issue. But if your pond is near reasonably natural wetlands or forest, then you maybe be lucky enough to observe a grass snake from a distance. If you approach the snake it will disappear quickly, usually never to be seen again. To the particularly worried, we recommend statistics on injuries or deaths caused by local snakes, to bring this very emotional topic down into a realistic and rational dimension.


Leeches


Talking about rather emotional issues,  we should have a closer look at leeches. Each pond owner sooner or later discovers, mostly on the ground of the plant area, small wriggling creatures. Yes, those are leeches and most likely not the ones which suck blood. There are many types of leeches, the bloodsucker is a rarity in nature and is now and again grown for medicinal purposes. In our work we stand among plants for hours and can observe our local leeches. In all the years we have never found a leech on our hands or feet.  Many types of leeches are hunters and feed on small animals, such as the flat leech on mosquito larvae. Most sucking leeches don’t like human blood.

Dangers

While refining our idea we eventually end up considering dangers that might arise from the pond. Unless exotic plants or animals are planted, local flora and fauna in the pond do not pose any particular danger. A wasp or bee sting is painful and more likely than a prick of a water dweller.


In ponds hosting ducks, swimmers may get skin redness, triggered by cercariae (duck parasites). So, if in spring a duck couple looking for a suitable nesting site arrives, send them on their way.


Water attracts children magically and they usually don’t see any danger. Depending on your specific situation appropriate measures and precautions should be considered when planning.
A risk often misjudged and even more dangerous is the ice on the pond. A floating net that freezes (ice-breaking protection net) is not a guarantee, but it considerably reduces the risk of falling through the ice.

Maintenance

Regardless of how much technology is used in the pond, the following activities and measures help to reduce biomass. Make sure to prevent fertilizer inputs from areas surrounding your pond. Selecting the right plants causes you less work and increases the positive effects.


Spring


Now, when there is a clear view of the ground, sediments should be removed from the swimming area, for example with nets and/or a pond vacuum system. Later in spring filamentous algae can occur. Even if they are a sign of good water quality, they should be removed as well,  as they bind large amounts of phosphate. When a pond is new, young plants near the shore should be occasionally checked and if necessary freed from naturally settling competition


Summer


There is little to do during summer time. When summer is slowly drawing to a close and water temperatures decrease, in older ponds, sprawling oxygenator plants should be reduced. Removing biomass from the natural cycle helps to prevent a subtle eutrophication of the pond.


Autumn


If necessary, sediments can be removed at the bottom of the swimming area. To prevent leaves from falling into the pond, a leaf net can be used. In any case, especially in autumn, watch any nutrient input closely to be able to react in time. Dead plants can be carefully removed.


Winter


When winter comes and the pond freezes permanently, all visible parts of the plants can be cut with a scythe and removed. The shoreline should be mowed about 10 cm above the ground. Keep in mind that motor operated tools may interfere with the hibernation of pond inhabitants.
A FEW SWIMMINGPOND EXAMPLES

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